Taurine is an amino acid produced by the human body and can also be found in foods like meat, fish, dairy products, and cola. Taurine is involved in a number of important physiological functions such as
- building strong muscles
- building strong bones
- improving mental health
A lack of taurine can lead to a whole host of problems including decreased mental visibility, poor mood stability, and anxiety.
Taurine is a conditionally essential amino acid, meaning that it can be synthesized by the body in many cases, but might not be.
Some people find that taurine supplementation helps with their anxiety, and it also has been shown to help protect the liver from damage.
Since we produce taurine ourselves in many cases, it is not an essential amino acid. However, people who are stressed or anxious might find that supplementing with taurine helps them in some instances. Taurine also has benefits for the liver and heart health as well as eye health when taken in appropriate amounts.
The discovery that taurine is an effective therapy for heart failure has led to studies of taurine as a therapeutic agent for other diseases and disorders. Although only limited studies have been conducted on the use of the drug to treat common heart disease, preliminary studies have shown its usefulness as a complementary therapy in some cases. Taurine has also been shown to be effective in the treatment of taurine deficiency diseases and retinal degeneration. Show Sources
Taurine and Heart Failure
Today, taurine is approved in Japan for the treatment of heart failure and has shown promise for the treatment of several other diseases. This review summarizes studies that support the role of taurine treatment in diseases of the muscles, central nervous system and cardiovascular system. Also it is an effective treatment for mitochondrial diseases such as encephalopathy, lactate and stroke-like episodes (mela) and offers a new approach to treating metabolic diseases such as diabetes and inflammatory diseases such as arthritis. Show Sources
Taurine is one of the most common amino acids in muscle tissue, the brain and many other organs of the body. It is popular in the health community for its potential to stimulate metabolism. Early research suggests that taurine may have additional benefits throughout the body, such as preserving brain and heart from the immune system. Show Sources
Taurine is a conditional amino acid that has different effects on the body, in particular on the neurological and muscular development. People can consume small amounts of taurine from natural food sources but larger doses of the amino acid are found in many energy drinks products. There are some concerns regarding the safe amount of taurine in energy drinks and some individuals may experience side effects from its inclusion in these drinks.
A considerable amount of research has been carried out on safe doses and limits for taurine in order to solve these problems. For example, in adult diabetics, the addition of 15 grams of taurine every 14 days can reverse diabetes-related abnormalities in arterial stiffness and the ability of vessels to respond to changes in blood flow and pressure.23 This treatment is crucial for the longevity of the diabetic, as these abnormalities are often blamed for the increased risk of dying from cardiovascular disease. Furthermore, studies on diabetic rats have shown that taurine can help protect the heart function by helping to prevent heart muscle damage. This is partly due to the drug’s ability to increase glucose transport through blood to the energy-hungry heart muscle – a process that increases glucose transport to energy-producing cells when blood sugar levels are lowered.
Taurine supplementation improved liver glucose control and normal protein in malnourished mice on a high-fat diet. Further animal and cell culture studies showed that taurine preparations were effective without diabetic complications.
Increasing the training performance taurine can benefit the athletic performance. Human studies suggest that trained athletes who supplement taurine improve their training performance. Other studies suggest that taurine in combination with caffeine can improve mental performance. Show Sources
A report released 2014 suggests that doctors should consider taurine as a possible treatment for a range of eye conditions such as glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy. Preliminary studies have shown that it can improve mental performance and endurance, but general research on the energy-saving effect of taurine is limited. In addition, a 2010 report of the Physicians for Sports Medicine found that the fatigue-fighting effects of energy drinks may be due to their caffeine content – rather than their dew content – content. Show Sources
People who exercised regularly and took taurine for two weeks had lower blood cholesterol and inflammation levels than those who took a placebo. After 4 weeks of taking 3 grams of a daily taurine supplement, the study participants showed a significant reduction in homocysteine levels. Show Sources
Taurine could help treat high blood pressure, according to a study published in Hypertension in 2016. In the study, people with high blood pressure received either taurine supplementation or placebo for 12 weeks. Taurine supplements lowered blood pressure, which was higher than normal blood pressure. Show Sources
Recent animal studies have been conducted using different methods to demonstrate the hypotensive effect of taurine, including effects of catecholamines on increased diuresis and sodium, normalization of cation transport, modulation of the renin-angiotensin system, and suppression of vasoactive mediators. Abebe 2011 and Rahman 2011 proposed mechanism of action.Abebe (2011) investigated rats in which short-term intravenous administration lowered systolic and diasto.
Long Term Taurine Supplementation
Long-term taurine supplementation over a period of 4 weeks caused hypertension in female rats, but not in male rats. Limited clinical trials have shown a positive effect of taurine on hypertension. Improving heart health taurine can help reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. Show Sources
Taurine is a herbal preparation used in the treatment of heart failure, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and cystic fibrosis in order to prevent the formation of plaque in the body’s arteries. Taurine helps to lower higher blood pressure by reducing resistance to blood flow to the vascular walls. It is a type of amino acid in many foods and added to energy drinks.
This supplement has proven to be an effective therapeutic agent, at least in the case of heart failure. Additional taurine has been studied for use in cardiovascular disease and diabetes, and it has CN effects. Taurine has also been shown to have several health benefits such as a lower risk of disease and better athletic performance (3, 4).
In epileptic patients with taurine tolerance tests in oral doses of up to 50 mg / kg body mass per day, a significant increase in plasma concentrations of growth hormones has been reported, indicating the potential to stimulate the hypothalamus and alter neuroendocrine function. Restoration of taurine levels in patients with supplementation has led to improved contractile function.
Taurine is an amino acid that is important for several metabolic processes in the body and is said to have antioxidant properties. Taurine plays an essential role in metabolism and digestion and helps the liver to form bile and salt. The observed safe taurine value for the additional intake in normal healthy adults is about 3 g per day.